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Department of Energy to fund $122 million for rare earth

Sep 23, 2020· This program will build off the great work already being done in West Virginia to develop technology capable of extracting rare earth elements (REEs) from coal and coal byproducts to help establish a U.S. based supply chain,” Manchin said. The bipartisan Rare Earth Element Advanced Coal Technologies Act (REEACT) codifies the DOE program and authorizes an annual appropriation of

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Rare-earth elements: recycling or replacement

Rare-earth element deposits often contain the radioactive elements uranium and thorium, which makes mining, extraction, and waste disposal very hazardous processes. See also: Precious element resources; Radioactive minerals; Rare-earth mining. A number of positive recycling and replacement efforts are in development and operation.

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New alternatives may ease demand for scarce rare-earth

Apr 02, 2019· From computer hard discs and smart phones to earbuds and electric motors, magnets are at the forefront of today's technology. Magnets containing rare-earth elements

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Scientists Propose Alternatives To Rare Earth Elements

Apr 08, 2019· The term “rare earth element” has a specific meaning to scientists. Most people focus on the word “rare” and assume it means the 17 so-called rare earth elements are just that — rare. In

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Don't Panic about Rare Earth Elements Scientific American

May 31, 2019· The 17 rare earth elements, which cluster near the bottom of the periodic table, play a vital role in several industries: consumer electronics including Apple AirPods and iPhones, green

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Where are rare earths found? Lynas Corporation

By 1842, further progress had been made, with a total of six rare elements confirmed including yttrium, cerium, lanthanum, didymium, erbium and terbium. The next most significant development was during the 1940s when scientists in the US, as part of the Manhattan Project, developed the chemical ion exchange procedures for separating and purifying rare earth elements.

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Rare-earth element Wikipedia

The 17 rare-earth elements are cerium (Ce), dysprosium (Dy), erbium (Er), europium (Eu), gadolinium (Gd), holmium (Ho), lanthanum (La), lutetium (Lu), neodymium (Nd), praseodymium (Pr), promethium (Pm), samarium (Sm), scandium (Sc), terbium (Tb), thulium (Tm), ytterbium (Yb), and

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Rare-earth mineral substitutes could defeat Chinese

Jul 31, 2013· Rare-earth elements are joined on the list by many other rare elements such as tungsten, platinum and indium. According to the British Geological Survey, China is

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Don't Panic about Rare Earth Elements Scientific American

May 31, 2019· The 17 rare earth elements, which cluster near the bottom of the periodic table, play a vital role in several industries: consumer electronics including Apple AirPods and iPhones, green

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Apple taps recycled rare earth elements for iPhone parts

The part is about one-quarter of the rare earth elements inside the iPhone models. Rare earths, a group of 17 specialized minerals, have become a flash point in trade tensions between the United

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rare earth elements parts replacement Binnenstebuiten

Replacement of heavy rare earth elements. This project is no longer open for submissions. Overview: We are seeking to either drastically reduce the heavy rare-earths (HRE) in high-temperature permanent magnets (e.g. Nd-Fe-B) or to totally replace rare-earth magnets by other means, while maintaining comparable or improved coercivity and magnetization.

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Apple taps recycled rare earth elements for iPhone parts

Sep 18, 2019· Article content. Apple Inc’s new iPhones will use recycled rare earth elements in a key component, the company said on Wednesday. Apple said it will use recycled rare earths in its “Taptic Engine,” a part that lets iPhones mimic a physical button click despite being a flat pane of glass.

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Apple Taps Recycled Rare Earth Elements for iPhone Parts

Sep 19, 2019· Apple's new iPhones will use recycled rare earth elements in a key component, the company said on Wednesday. Apple said it will use recycled rare

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Apple Uses Recycled Rare Earth Elements for iPhone Parts

Apple said it will use recycled rare earths in its "Taptic Engine," a part that lets iPhones mimic a physical button click despite being a flat pane of glass. The part is about one-quarter of the rare earth elements inside the iPhone models. Rare earths, a group of 17 specialized minerals, have become a flashpoint in trade tensions between the United States and China.

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The Geology of Rare Earth Elements

The estimated average concentration of the rare earth elements in the Earth's crust, which ranges from around 150 to 220 parts per million (table 1), exceeds that of many other metals that are mined on an industrial scale, such as copper (55 parts per million) and zinc (70 parts per million).

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Rare earth elements aren’t the secret weapon China thinks

May 23, 2019· Rare earths are a group of 17 elements crucial for high-tech manufacturing. China also happens to dominate their supply, producing roughly 80 percent of the world’s rare

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Rare Earths AMERICAN ELEMENTS

Rare Earth Elements. Cerium is the most abundant of the rare earths. It is characterized chemically by having two valence states,the +3 cerous and +4 ceric states. The ceric state is the only non-trivalent rare earth ion stable in aqueous solutions, making it strongly acidic and moderately toxic, as well as a strong oxidizer.The cerous state closely resembles the other trivalent rare earths.

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Rare element substitution a tricky proposition News

A key factor in these advances is new materials containing exotic elements such as niobium and tantalum, and rare earth metals including yttrium and dysprosium. As consumers demand ever better products, the question of the sustainability of these critical elements arises: how urgent is the need to start developing substitute materials or

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Apple taps recycled rare earth elements for iPhone parts

The part is about one-quarter of the rare earth elements inside the iPhone models. Rare earths, a group of 17 specialized minerals, have become a flash point in trade tensions between the United

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The tech crisis that isn’t: China controls the world’s

Oct 02, 2020· Even a globally diverse group of parts makers and materials suppliers would be reliant upon a single source, for reasons that mostly couldn't be helped. an inexpensive rare earth element

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In Malaysia, a snag in US search for alternative to

May 26, 2019· As the trade war threatens to put Chinese rare earth minerals out of America’s grasp, Washington turns to alternative sources to fill the gap. In Malaysia, few are willing to tolerate the

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Rare-Earth Elements USGS

Rare-Earth Elements. By Bradley S. Van Gosen, Philip L. Verplanck, Robert R. Seal II, Keith R. Long, and Joseph Gambogi Chapter O of. Critical Mineral Resources of the United States—Economic and

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